The American Linden (or Basswood) is a medium to large tree native east of the Missouri River in North Dakota. Desirable as a landscape tree for its large stature, shade and aromatic flowers. Fruit with attached pale-green bract, gives tree a two-tone appearance in late summer.
Crown Height: 50 to 70 feet
Crown Width: 30 to 50 feet
Cold Hardiness: USDA Zone 2
Water: Intermediate tolerance to flooding. Not drought resistant. May develop leaf scorch under drought conditions.
Conservation/windbreaks: Medium to tall tree for farmstead windbreaks and riparian plantings in eastern third of North Dakota
Wildlife: Old hollow trees make good den trees for wildlife.
Wood: Light, soft and tough. Sold mainly for lumber, dimension stock and veneer, used in making drawing boards, furniture, tongue depressors and for carving.
Food: Honey derived from linden flowers is regarded as the best in the world.
Medicinal: Used for indigestion, hysteria, nervous stomach or palpitations.
Urban/Recreational: Used as shade, boulevard and park tree in open landscape areas due to its large size and spreading root system.
Pests: No serious pest problems in North Dakota