A medium to large tree with spreading branches forming a variably rounded to informally spreading crown. A fast-growing tree subject to iron and manganese chlorosis on high pH soils which may cause dieback or eventual death. Often called soft maple because other wood is the softest of the maples used for lumber. The large tree in North Dakota is 66 feet tall with a canopy spread of 72 feet.
Crown Height: 40 to 65 feet
Crown Width: 30 to 50 feet
Soils: Soil Texture: Performs poorly on tight clay soils.
Sol pH - 4.5 to 7.0. Not adapted to saline/alkaline soils
Cold Hardiness: USDA Zone 3
Water: Susceptibility to drought, winter stem dieback, sunscald injury and chlorosis affected by genetic variability and original seed source.
Light: Full sun.
conservation/windbreaks: Tall tree for farmstead windbreaks and riparian plantings in eastern third of North Dakota.
Wildlife: Browsed by deer and rabbits, seeds eaten by squirrels, fair cover for songbirds.
Wood: Rough lumber, furniture and firewood. Pulpwood production. Twigs boiled to make a black dye by Native Americans.
Food: Sap may be used for maple syrup.
Medicinal: Extracts of some Acer species are used in cancer research.
Pests: Very subject to iron and manganese chlorosis in alkaline soils. Sensitive to phenoxy herbicides. Extracts of some Acer species exhibit toxic affects on insect pests.